Phonics teaches children how to decode letters into their respective sounds, a skill that is essential for them to read unfamiliar words by themselves.
Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 children have a discrete 20 minutes daily phonics lesson. The children are differentiated into ability groups and the appropriate phase is delivered, according to the ability of each individual child. Assessment takes place weekly in the form of a spelling test (the children are tested on the phonemes and graphemes that they have been learning throughout the weekly phonics). Planning is then adapted to meet the needs of the children. Assessments also take place at the end of each phase.
In Foundation Stage we follow the Jolly Phonics approach to phonics teaching.
In Key Stage 1 we follow the Letters and Sounds approach to phonics.